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Following a round of mid-morning consultations, the United Nations Security Council convened a vote on and unanimously adopted Resolution 2336 regarding the Russian and Turkish-brokered ceasefire agreement between select rebel groups operating in Syria and the government of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad
7 Jan 2017 15:03

Alireza Nouri

Russia’s New Peace Deal and Multi-Vector Policy in Syria

  On December 29, 2016, Russia, announcing her agreement with Turkey on a comprehensive peace in Syria, showed another aspect of her multi-layered and multi-vector approach in foreign policy, and in particular, in the Syrian case. The agreement was obtained under conditions that not so long ago ...

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif (L), Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu (R) and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov (C) hold a joint press conference following the Turkey-Russia-Iran trilateral talks on the recent incidents in Aleppo, in Moscow, Russia on December 20, 2016
5 Jan 2017 13:26

Hamidreza Azizi

How Iran sees Russian-Turkish deal on Syria?

  After the Dec. 29 announcement that Russia and Turkey had reached an agreement on a nationwide cease-fire in Syria, the United Nations Security Council on Dec. 31 unanimously approved a resolution welcoming the new effort to help resolve the Syrian crisis. Such unanimous international support,...

2 Jan 2017 21:23

Behrouz Ghezel

Turkmenistan “Gas Game” on Iran from a Different Angle

  In the new era, Turkmenistan’s political elites, like other Central Asian states, have faced major problems to achieve the objectives of development and stability in the years following their independence. This has affected this state’s foreign policy behavior and at times been a ...

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif (L), Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu (R) and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov (C) are seen after a joint press conference following the Turkey-Russia-Iran trilateral talks on the recent incidents in Aleppo, in Moscow, Russia on December 20, 2016
21 Dec 2016 15:20

Hamidreza Azizi

Why Iran Should Worry over Russia’s Syria Plans?

After a long period of heavy fighting over the city of Aleppo, the Syrian army and its allies have managed to retake almost all of it from the rebel forces. It is a considerable achievement not only for the Syrian government, but also for Russia and Iran as its main allies. The victory in Aleppo came ...

19 Dec 2016 17:12

Mohammad Alavizadeh

Change in Economy and Stability in Politics of Mirziyoyev's Uzbekistan

  The newly-elected President Shavkat Mirziyoyev won 88 percent of votes –in the past presidential elections Islam Karimov was also elected by an average of 90 percent of the vote. At first it seemed unlikely that Mirziyoyev would repeat the record of the former President, but Mirziyoyev ...

A customer browses packets of fresh meat for sale inside a Metro Cash & Carry store, the Russia unit of Metro AG, in Moscow, Russia, on Friday, Aug. 29, 2014. Metro Cash & Carry has warned that domestic food suppliers are trying to increase some food prices as local produce is substituted for EU, Norwegian and U.S. equivalents which have been sanctioned.
17 Dec 2016 21:00

Jahangir Karami

Economic Development, Western Sanctions and Russia’s Future

  The fundamental problem in the Russian economy and similar economies is neither sanctions nor external pressure, but their type of economy and development model. An economy dependent on raw materials and state - weakening the domestic and external competitiveness - is usually vulnerable to various ...

President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev (R) stands in silence after he laid flowers to Uzbekistan
27 Nov 2016 13:36

Mohammad Alavizadeh

Why the US and Russia Are In Favor of 'Succession Hypothesis' in the Central Asia?

During the past two decades, it has always been shown that the US follows the tradition of misinterpretation in chaotic regions. George W. Bush, based on misplaced trust, misrepresentations, and poor predictions, accused Saddam Hussein of having weapons of mass destruction and invaded Iraq in 2003....

Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev (C) makes a speech during a meeting with his Russian counterpart Vladimir and the Iranian leader in Baku on August 8, 2016.
6 Nov 2016 20:55

Majid Raoufi

North-South Corridor: From Victory Bridge to Economic Success Bridge

Three quarters of a century after the Allied powers transported weapons, ammunition and medicine to the former Soviet Union from southern Iran to its northern part, which changed the fate of World War II and caused Iran to be known as the “victory bridge,” the North-South Corridor is expected ...

Russian President Vladimir Putin (R) listens to Yemen
10 Oct 2016 16:03

Ehsan Taghvaeinia

Yemen Status in Russia's New Strategies

Reflected in Russian’s state and non-state media, it is very difficult to understand Moscow’s stance on the Yemen crisis. Major interpretations of Russian’s media and authorities about Yemen developments are also based on the fact that the West, headed by the US, show double standards ...

Yazidi refugees celebrate news of the liberation of their homeland of Sinjar from ISIL extremists, while at a refugee camp on November 13, 2015 in Derek, Rojava, Syria
7 Oct 2016 13:25

Motahare Hosseini

Solution to Religious Extremism in the Middle East and Central Asia

In an atmosphere of ideological and material impoverishment leading to massive identity crisis and unbridgeable economic gaps in different parts of the Islamic world and the Middle East, Western civilization has entered these regions by eliminating the indigenous culture and religion, through which ...

Kurdish men flash victory signs during the opening ceremony of the representation office of the autonomous Syrian Kurdish region in Moscow, on February 10, 2016.
2 Oct 2016 17:29

Morteza Shoja

Russia Is Playing the Kurdish Card?

The downing of a Russian Sukhoi-24 plane by Turkey led to considerable tension in Russian-Turkish relations. Russian President Vladimir Putin called Ankara’s actions a “stab in the back” by the “accomplices of terrorists.” Moscow has since restricted tourism and visa-...

Citizens arrive to offer their condolences for Uzbekistan
6 Sep 2016 22:38

Vali Kaleji

Prospect of Change and Reforms in a Post-Karimov Uzbekistan

It is really difficult to certainly talk about the outlook and future changes or reforms in Uzbekistan after Islam Karimov. However, it can be predicted that this Central Asian country will not be the same as Uzbekistan of Karimov era. Possible attempt of Islam Karimov’s successor for playing ...

Ali Shamkhani, the secretary of Iran
25 Aug 2016 17:59

Jahangir Karami

Military Cooperation between Iran and Russia from Syria’s Tartous Port to Iran’s Nojeh Airbase

Diplomatic, intelligence, technical and operational cooperation between Iran and Russia to contain the Syrian crisis as well as spread of terrorism in the region has been going on in the past five years. In the most recent stage of this cooperation, Russia used Nojeh airbase in northwestern Iran, ...

Pakistan Foreign Affairs Adviser Sartaj Aziz (L) shakes hands with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi (R) before a meeting at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on April 27, 2016 in Beijing, China.
13 Aug 2016 22:37

Vali Kaleji

Pakistan Gets the Better of Iran on One Belt, One Road Initiative

Chinese Silk Road has two land and maritime routes, one of the characteristics of the land route may be considered as its east–west orientation which intersects with new Silk Road of the USA with its north–south orientation (Central Asia–Afghanistan and South Asia). But the Chinese ...

President of Iran Hassan Rouhani (R) and President of China Xi Jinping (2nd R)make statements after signing of partnership agreement between Iran and China at Sadabad Complex in Tehran, Iran on January 23, 2016.
10 Aug 2016 12:29

Bahram Amirahmadian

Diverse Perspectives on Iran's Future Status in One Belt, One Road Initiative

Securing its economic future, China requires an export market for its manufactured goods, and energy imports. It has to produce goods cheaper than that of its rivals for its own big market. If energy imports face difficulties and the final price becomes more expensive than in other regions, the final ...

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan greets the crowd who gathered in front of his residence in Kisikli to protest against Parallel State/Gulenist Terrorist Organization
19 Jul 2016 08:35

Jafar Haghpanah

What Turkey's Bungled Putsch Had for Iran and the Middle East?

Analysis of Turkey’s botched coup attempt is very important not simply because of geographical and spiritual propinquity of this incident to Iran as well as cultural, social, political, economic and security ties between the two nations, but also because of its regional consequences and its ...

Rashid Alimov (L), Secretary-General of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), looks on as Uzbekistan
10 Jul 2016 21:20

Vali Kaleji

SCO Summit in Tashkent and the Iran Question

Considering the 10-year-old experience of Iran’s observer status in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) since 2005, which has included formal submission to join the block in 2008, continuous follow-up from member states, in particular China and Russia, the SCO nod to India and Pakistan ...

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) heads of state pose for a family photograph in Tashkent on June 24, 2016 as part of the SCO Heads of State Council meeting.
8 Jul 2016 23:10

Mohammad Zare

Iran’s Changing Approach to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) was established in 2001 on the basis of three main goals of fighting terrorism, secessionism and extremism. Member states of this organization account for a population of about 1.5 billion, that is, almost one-fourth of the world’s population, and ...

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) heads of state, the leaders of observer states and governments, international organization delegation heads pose for a group photograph in Tashkent on June 24, 2016 as part of the SCO Heads of State Council meeting.
2 Jul 2016 23:05

Vali Kaleji

What Tajikistan and China Think about Iran’s Full Membership in SCO?

Considering the 10-year-old experience of Iran’s observer status in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) since 2005, Iran has always been interested in being a permanent member. However, what went on in the three important meetings of National Coordinators (April 22, 2016), Foreign Ministers ...

US Secretary of State John Kerry delivers remarks at the start of the Bilateral Commission talks at Char Chinar Palace in Kabul on April 9, 2016.
30 Jun 2016 15:42

Vali Kaleji

Goals of US New Silk Road Strategy

New Silk Road Strategy (NSRS) is on Obama administration’s agenda with the purpose of liberalization of trade flow, acceleration of economic cooperation, increasing trade volume, and improvement of human relations between Central Asia and South Asia, centered by Afghanistan. Generally, the main ...