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Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan meet at the Black Sea resort of Sochi, Russia, Feb. 14, 2019. Sergei Chirikov/Pool via REUTERS
7 Mar 2019 19:04

Hamidreza Azizi

For Iran, the Latest Sochi Summit Was Not Just About Syria

On Feb. 14, the presidents of Russia, Iran and Turkey held a summit in the Russian Black Sea resort of Sochi to discuss the latest developments in Syria and coordinate their activities in the war-torn country. The summit — the fourth of its kind within the framework of the Astana Peace ...

A US fighter walks down a ladder from a barricade, north of Raqqa city, Syria, Nov. 6, 2016.
© REUTERS/Rodi Said
23 Jan 2019 08:56

Alireza Nouri

Iran, Russia Remain Skeptical About US Exit from Syria, Afghanistan

In the political sphere, Iran and Russia have interpreted the announced US withdrawal from Syria — be it tactical or strategic — as an American failure and an indication that their own policies have succeeded.   In Iran, the deputy commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps,...

Ali Shamkhani, secretary of the Supreme National Security Council of Iran (C) speaks during the first meeting of national security secretaries of Afghanistan, China, Iran, India and Russia, in the Iranian capital Tehran on September 26, 2018.
4 Jan 2019 09:33

Hesamoddin Hojjatzadeh

Iran’s Role in the Process of Restoring Peace and Fighting Extremism in Afghanistan and Central Asia

Tehran's Azadi Hotel hosted a meeting of senior security officials from four major regional countries on September 26, 2018. The participants included Nikolai Patrushev, the Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation; Ajit Doval, the national security advisor to the Indian prime ...

Iran and Economic Cooperation: From Atlantic to Pacific
19 Dec 2018 11:37

Mehdi Sanaei & Jahangir Karami

Iran and Economic Cooperation: From Atlantic to Pacific

Introduction Since 1960s, regionalism has gradually turned to a critical and prevailing approach in the international studies and since then, regional integration institutions have been expanded and their effectiveness has helped their ongoing expansion and enlargement. Since 1990s, globalization,...

Saudi Arabia
8 Nov 2018 11:51

Mahmoud Shoori

Between Iran and Saudi Arabia; Russia’s Tough Path for Neutrality

In October 2015, Russia’s direct military intervention in the Syrian crisis faced the balance of power in the Middle East with fundamental changes. While the Government of Assad was in a fragile condition due to facing multilateral pressures from diverse forces, from Daesh to Saudi-Turkish-Qatar-...

27 Oct 2018 21:48

Hossein Ajorlou

Russia and Iran-Israel Disputes in Syria

During the last few months, there have been various reports about the role played by Russia in Syria, especially in relation to disputes between Iran and the Zionist regime. These reports gave birth to analyses, which were at times contradictory. The question is “what factors and variables affect ...

13 Jun 2018 00:14

Yulia Sveshnikova

Iran and Russia in JCPOA Saga

For Iran and Russia, several points are defining in their bilateral interactions:   1. History of bilateral ties in pre- and after-revolution period;   2. History of the Iran nuclear profile for the past 10 years (more a pretext for exerting pressure on Iran, the “enfant terrible”...

International Crises and Iran
6 Apr 2018 22:02

Jahangir Karami

International Crises and Iran's Strategic Environment

In recent decades, the three world geostrategic areas, which shape the core of international politics, have faced crises that not only influence the destiny of each of these regions, transregional powers, other states, and even nongovernmental actors such as ethnic and religious currents but also ...

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani (C) with Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov President of Turkmenistan (2L), Pakistani Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi (R) and India
3 Apr 2018 19:42

Jafar Haghpanah

Requirements for Making TAPI Pipeline Operational

TAPI Pipeline project has once again come to life after a period of stoppage. One of the reasons for the resumption of this project is that, at the present time, the Afghan government needs to conduct an extensive propaganda campaign on the implementation of projects like this. Kabul is using this ...

MGIMO rector Anatoly Torkunov (C) awards King Salman bin Abdulaziz of Saudi Arabia (L) the title of Honorary Doctor as Russia
28 Nov 2017 20:07

Niknam Babri

Riyadh and Moscow: Change in Balance of Power in the Middle East?

At a time when the trilateral cooperation between Iran, Russia, and Turkey is shaping the political developments in the Syria crisis and/or has raised hopes for the final resolution of the crisis through determining precise mechanisms such as creation of the four de-escalation zones and concentration ...

China’s Approach to Change of Trump’s Decision and the New US Strategy in Afghanistan
24 Nov 2017 18:46

Mohammad Zare

China’s Approach to Change of Trump’s Decision and the New US Strategy in Afghanistan

A general scan of documents and nature of the United States’ behavior in the past few years will show that the lion’s share of those documents, as well as the behavioral focus and strategic actions of Washington, have been specially related to East Asia. Moreover, the United States has ...

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meets with Azerbaijan Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov on April 23, 2013 in Jerusalem, Israel
18 Oct 2017 11:18

Mohsen Pakaeen

Two New Weapons Strategies of Israel in the Caucasus

A report on the suspension of the sale of Israeli arms to Azerbaijan was released following last month’s visit to Armenia by the Israeli Regional Cooperation Minister, Tzachi Hanegbi. According to news reports, Israel has not only given up the sale of drone operators to Azerbaijan, but also ...

visitor views a smaller copy of the Zenobia Column destroyed by ISIS militants in Palmyra, Syria on display at an exhibtion titled
5 Aug 2017 12:39

Alireza Nouri

Russia’s Plan for Post-ISIS Syria

Although the ISIS ideology will continue to exist in the Middle East, with the destruction of the structure and organization of this terrorist group in Iraq and Syria, various involved and interested parties prepare themselves for the post-ISIS space and for bargaining to get a larger share. Some ...

Russian Federation Ambassador, Alexander Mantytskiy, left, hands over an AK-47 to Afghan National Security Advisor, Mohammad Hanif Atmar, center, at Kabul International Airport, on February 24, 2016. The Russian embassy in Kabul announced that the Russian government handed over 10,000 AK47s as a military donation to Afghan National Security Forces
28 Jul 2017 23:15

Mandana Tisheyar

Iranian-Russian Cooperative Efforts at Establishing Stability and Security in Afghanistan

In recent decades, political entities, along with accepting the globalization of existence methods in the international arena, have attempted to redefine their interests and identities within regional frameworks. These new cooperative trends in regions are frequently interpreted within the context ...

Azerbaijan’s Week of Culture was kicked off with the presence of Iranian and Azerbaijani officials, as well as more than sixty Azeri artists on July 4, 2017 in Tehran, Iran.
11 Jul 2017 23:34

Mohsen Pakaeen

A Good Start for the Cultural Interactions between Tehran and Baku

In the past week, an important event took place in the Iranian culture. Azerbaijan’s Week of Culture was held with the presence of Abulfas Garayev, Minister of Culture and Tourism of Azerbaijan, and more than sixty Azeri artists in the Iranian cities of Tehran, Isfahan and Ardabil.   Four ...

26 Jun 2017 11:07

Mahmoud Shoori

Iran, Russia and New Axis of Cooperation in the Middle East

In terms of the role played by Iran and Russia at the regional level, regional crises in the Middle East, in practice, make Iran and Russia more active. Both Iran and Russia have important status and roles to play at the regional and international levels, and for this reason, their response to regional ...

Pictured in this video screen grab are cruise missiles launched by the Russian Navy
17 Jun 2017 07:55

Mahmoud Shoori

Iran and Russia in the Middle East: Cooperation without Partnership

There is no doubt that the Islamic Republic of Iran has been not only the closest Middle Eastern state to Russia, but also the most stable and durable one working with Kremlin in the region during the last two and half decades. Despite many ups and downs, Tehran-Moscow ties have been special and strategic ...

10 Jun 2017 11:14

Vali Kaleji

Reasons behind Central Asian and Caucasian Leaders' Participation at Riyadh Summit

In the Arab-Islamic-American Summit with the presence of Donald Trump, the President of the United States, and more than fifty heads of Arabic and Islamic countries held in the International Exhibition and Convention Center in Riyadh, capital of Saudi Arabia, on 21 May 2017, the fact that ...

UN Security Council’s vote on a draft resolution concerning the crisis in Syria, as well as the Russian, at the UN Headquarters in New York, April 12, 2017
22 May 2017 21:33

Zhand Shakibi

Iran, Russia, the USA and the Greater West Asian Crisis

The Islamic Republic of Iran, the Russian Federation and the USA for the foreseeable future face a common threat to their respective national security. That threat is called here ‘the Greater West Asian Crisis’ that stretches from Turkey in the west, through Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, ...

29 Apr 2017 16:35

Alireza Nouri

US Missile Strikes Against Syria: The Escalation of Tensions with Russia and the Necessity of Iranian Caution

American missile strikes against Syria can be studied from different dimensions. But, clearly, one of the most significant aspects is their effect on the situation and position of Russia in Syria and the Middle East and toward Washington. That the Kremlin officials underlined that these strikes would ...