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Ali Shamkhani, secretary of the Supreme National Security Council of Iran (C) speaks during the first meeting of national security secretaries of Afghanistan, China, Iran, India and Russia, in the Iranian capital Tehran on September 26, 2018.
4 Jan 2019 09:33

Hesamoddin Hojjatzadeh

Iran’s Role in the Process of Restoring Peace and Fighting Extremism in Afghanistan and Central Asia

Tehran's Azadi Hotel hosted a meeting of senior security officials from four major regional countries on September 26, 2018. The participants included Nikolai Patrushev, the Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation; Ajit Doval, the national security advisor to the Indian prime ...

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani (C) with Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov President of Turkmenistan (2L), Pakistani Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi (R) and India
3 Apr 2018 19:42

Jafar Haghpanah

Requirements for Making TAPI Pipeline Operational

TAPI Pipeline project has once again come to life after a period of stoppage. One of the reasons for the resumption of this project is that, at the present time, the Afghan government needs to conduct an extensive propaganda campaign on the implementation of projects like this. Kabul is using this ...

Hamid Karzai, formerly the President of Afghanistan, Russia
12 Mar 2018 07:46

Grigory Lukyanov

Russia–Iran Cooperation in Afghanistan: Opportunities and Limitations

Afghanistan has historically been a zone of exclusive interests for both Russia, whose history is filled with fruitful cooperation and good neighbourly relations with the Afghan people, and for Iran, which shares a state border with its eastern neighbour, as well as a number of many civilizational ...

In this photograph taken on December 23, 2017, Afghan school children play at an open-air school at the Gambiri Refugee Camp in Laghman province
16 Feb 2018 12:59

Hesamoddin Hojjatzadeh

Crisis of Afghan Turk Schools

Closing down of the so-called Afghan Turk schools in various cities of Afghanistan by the National Directorate of Security (NDS) over past months has turned into a hot topic in political and diplomatic circles and also among experts. At the present time, this issue has become more complicated after ...

12 Dec 2017 23:14

Hesamoddin Hojjatzadeh

Iran, Russia and Taliban: Reassessing Future of Afghan Government

The situation in today's Afghanistan looks more complicated than ever before and its complication is rising on a daily basis. On the one hand, incessant military attacks and widespread insecurity caused by the Taliban in Afghanistan and its ally, the Haqqani network, have increased the suffering ...

3 Dec 2017 21:21

Alireza Nouri

Active Model of Balance and Deterrence in Iran-Russia Relations

One of the major limitations of the relations between Iran and post-soviet Russia is that they lack strategy and stability and are influenced by third variables, especially the West. Consequently, repetitive discussions still take place (especially by the Iranians) on whether these relations are strategic ...

Russian Federation Ambassador, Alexander Mantytskiy, left, hands over an AK-47 to Afghan National Security Advisor, Mohammad Hanif Atmar, center, at Kabul International Airport, on February 24, 2016. The Russian embassy in Kabul announced that the Russian government handed over 10,000 AK47s as a military donation to Afghan National Security Forces
28 Jul 2017 23:15

Mandana Tisheyar

Iranian-Russian Cooperative Efforts at Establishing Stability and Security in Afghanistan

In recent decades, political entities, along with accepting the globalization of existence methods in the international arena, have attempted to redefine their interests and identities within regional frameworks. These new cooperative trends in regions are frequently interpreted within the context ...

Soldiers with a Russian national flag during a military command-staff exercise by a joint Russian-Tajik force at Kharbmaidon, next to the border to Afghanistan
4 Apr 2017 22:14

Saadat Hassan & Rana Shahid Saleem

Eurasian Solution for Afghanistan

  Moscow, which for years opposed Afghan Taliban, has recently changed its position and now sought direct talks between the Ghani administration and insurgents. It also hosted a trilateral meeting in December last year involving China and Pakistan. The support to peace efforts by two key international ...

Dancers perform during the Newroz celebrations around the Maiden Tower in Baku, Azerbaijan on March 18, 2017
18 Mar 2017 20:52

Bahram Amirahmadian

Nowruz, a Ritual for Thanking God for His Blessings

  Ze kuy-e yār miāyad nasim-e bād Nowruzi. Az in bād ar madad khāhi cherāgh-e del bar afruzi.                                  ...

Objectives behind Russia’s Contacting with Taliban
23 Feb 2017 18:44

Alireza Nouri

Objectives behind Russia’s Contacting with Taliban

  Russia’s first contacts with the Taliban took place informally in 1995 to free the seven crews of Il-76 that had been captured by the Taliban (the aircraft was carrying military equipment from Albania to Kabul for the Northern Alliance; the crews were released after a year). Despite these ...

The TAPI Pipeline: Expectations and Realities
22 Jan 2017 17:13

Behrouz Ghezel

The TAPI Pipeline: Expectations and Realities

  The total length of the TAPI gas pipeline will be 1814 kilometers scheduled to start from Galkynysh gas field in Turkmenistan, and pass through Afghanistan and Pakistan to reach Fazilka district in India. This pipeline, in addition to its economic advantages, has been important, and received ...

New Sufism and the Unexpected Effect of Fundamentalism in Central Asia
28 Dec 2016 15:30

Behrouz Ghezel

New Sufism and the Unexpected Effect of Fundamentalism in Central Asia

In “Sufism” literature and in historical studies related to different periods of the communities’ tendency toward mysticism, Sufism and Sufi order (though specialists in this field distinguish between these terms), the important characteristic is the concurrent governing spirit of ...

President of Iran Hassan Rouhani (C), President of Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani (R) and Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi (L) and are seen as they signed Chabahar transit agreement in Tehran, Iran on May 23, 2016.
22 Dec 2016 19:06

Saadat Hassan

Chabahar Reality, What's in It?

Islamic Republics of Iran, Afghanistan and democratic Republic of India eager to support and consolidate cooperation and develop economic relations among their nations also at regional and global levels; Understanding the need of Afghanistan as a land-locked country for accessing open seas through ...

US Secretary of State John Kerry meets with Iran
4 Jul 2016 23:23

Vali Kaleji

Iran’s Regional Standing in US New Silk Road Strategy at Central and Southern Asia

As one of the historical symbols of Central Asia and its surrounding areas, “Silk Road” attracted the attention of the US policymakers for the first time in the second term of Bill Clinton’s administration as the “Silk Road Strategy Act of 1999” which was then pursuit ...

Egyptian protestors are seen through an Islamist flag during a demonstration organized by Egyptian Islamists against the French intervention in Mali on January 18, 2013 in Cairo.
31 May 2016 20:39

Motahare Hosseini

Relationship between Religion and Fundamentalism in Middle East and Eurasia

The rise of Islamist fundamentalist movements in various parts of the Islamic world and outside has given birth to many mentalities and viewpoints about the nature of these movements and the way they spread. During previous years, al-Qaeda and the Taliban were the focus of attention from media and ...

Talibanism in Post-2014 Afghanistan
17 May 2016 22:33

Bahram Amirahmadian

Talibanism in Post-2014 Afghanistan

The hardline Islamic Taliban movement has proved to be a formidable fighting force in Afghanistan and a major threat to its government. The Taliban also threatens to destabilize Pakistan, where they control areas in the northwest and have been blamed for a wave of suicide bombings and other attacks....

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27 Apr 2016 12:08

Vali Kaleji

Shanghai Cooperation Organization and New Extremism: ISIL, Central Asia and Afghanistan after 2014

Withdrawal of a major part of the US, NATO members and ISAF forces in late 2014 from Afghanistan is among the significant developments followed by special consequences for Afghanistan, Central Asia and the peripheral regions including emerging New Extremism such as ISIL in these regions. This trend ...