Iranian-Russian Deep-rooted Ties
Date of publication : September 15, 2017 22:22 pm
Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif (R) and Russia's Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov shake hands at a news conference following talks with Syria's Foreign Minister Walid Muallem
Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif official visit to Sochi, Russia, and his meeting with Russian President Putin can be considered from a number of perspectives, and some goals can be assumed for them. In this regard, it is necessary to mention a few points:
1. It is natural that political consultations on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) are considered as one of the goals of this visit. Under the conditions that the United States is said to be seeking an alibi for withdrawing from the JCPOA, Iran can jointly use political and diplomatic tools with major countries such as Russia to put pressure on the United States. Despite facing major political challenges in its relations with the United States, Russia has some kind of relationships with this country that can convince it of the need to implement the JCPOA. Russia, China, and the European Union, like Iran, have also interests in the JCPOA that prevent them from accompanying the United States in creating any obstacle for the implementation of the JCPOA.
2. The International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) report on Iran’s nuclear-related commitments for the eighth time has confirmed Iran’s right for the correct implementation of the JCPOA. Accordingly, Iran and Russia can use this legitimate legal instrument as defined in the international structure to persuade the United States to implement the JCPOA. Another point that should be mentioned here is that the United States itself is obviously not going to withdraw from the JCPOA, and it is looking for a pretext, and Iran should not provide any excuse for this country.
It should also be noted that the JCPOA is an international document defined under Security Council resolution 2231. Therefore, the United States cannot easily abandon its obligations toward the JCPOA with no cost. However, so far, this country has sabotaged other great plans as well. We know that the US President is the person who even pulled the US out of the Paris climate Pact –a universal treaty to preserve the environment– and showed that he only cares for the interests of his own country. However, by putting political pressures on him through other 5+1 countries, President Trump should be persuaded to implement the JCPOA.
3. Another part of Iran’s goals pursued in Iranian Foreign Minister’s visit to Russia can be defined within the framework of regional cooperation. Iran-Russia model defined in the region on the political, economic and security issues has proved to be a successful model, and has contributed to these two countries’ deep-rooted relationship. On the other hand, Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu’s visit to Syria and his meeting with President Bashar al-Assad (September 12, 2017) were likely carried out in the framework of Iranian -Russian- Syrian trilateral cooperation as well.
These consultations continue under conditions that after the recent victories against the terrorists in Aleppo, Deir ez-Zor and several other areas in Syria, Iran and Russia, along with the Syrian army, should seek to stabilize and secure the situation. This comprehensive security will pave the way for a nationwide election which will be held for the future of this country. It is predicted that some consultations be also held between Iran and Russia on the issue of referendum on the independence of the Kurdistan Region in Iraq, since this issue will affect all the regional affairs.
© Hamshahri Daily
Hassan Beheshtipour, a Eurasian affairs analyst, is the senior fellow at IRAS.
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Author : Hassan Beheshtipour